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But that is a whole other ball game than just putting on 3 coats of poly and trying to get a smooth finish… -- Childress Woodworks. Rubbing out is nothing more than abrading the surface until it’s nice and smooth. If it's well cured you should have no trouble rubbing out a polyurethane finish. Rubbing Out Shellac by Paul T. Radovanic (email extract) Basically, "rubbing out" means the same thing as "sanding the finish". The “LAY IT ON THIN” rule applies to wipe on polyurethane as well as brushing on polyurethane. poly isn't really a bad finish. Rubbing out a finish means working it with a mild abrasive such as pumice or steel wool. There are several techniques by Jeff Jewitt of Homestead Finishing Products: DRY BUFF WITH MIRKA ROYAL MICRO PAPER. While this polyurethane can help make your wood surfaces look smooth and glassy, it may feel a bit bumpy or uneven at first. Is Tung Oil the Best Choice for Finishing Plywood? To achieve this on open-grain woods (oak, ash, walnut, or mahogany, for instance), first fill the pores with a wood-grain filler, photo below. Lacquer is an evaporative finish. Once you are satisfied with the look of the finish, and have completely removed the rubbing residue, apply a coat or two of a quality paste wax. I want to find out the same thing as the communion table I made for my church keeps getting small particles in it no matter what I do. A polisher for rubbing out furniture finishes should have a variable-speed control for slow-speed work that won't overheat your finish. - The rule of thumb is that if you have a white or gray mark, it means moisture is trapped beneath the finish. Even after a finish dries to the touch, there is an additional period of time before the finish is up to full hardness. Ideally, using an alkyd or phenolic resin varnish that contains no poly is the best way to have a hard finish (poly is actually softer, too) that you can rub out to get a sheen less than high gloss or to level and even out the gloss for a mirror shine. The harder the finish, the better it responds to rubbing out. In order for this finish to work properly you need to use the proper polyurethane. Rub until the compound gets dry totally. GMman. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Cover the whole surface and rub it accurately. Cover Large Areas Fast. For international returns, please click here. It’ll look like it’s full of flaws. Additionally, how do you fix an uneven polyurethane finish? This breaks up the light reflecting off the surface. Your order will come with a return form with convenient instructions, or you may send your returns directly to Returns Department, Rockler Woodworking and Hardware, 4365 Willow Drive, Medina, MN 55340. In general terms, the longer you let a water-based finish cure, the easier it will be to rub out (within reason, of course). Firmly rub the wax onto the piece, stroking with the grain. The best finishes to rub are the evaporative finishes, shellac and lacquer. Before rubbing out the finish, you must allow it to dry for at least three days in optimal conditions (above 60 F with relative humidity at 50%), but it’s better to wait a week. Don’t freak out when you see the finish right after you lay it down. Finish the test boards at the same time you’re finishing your tabletop. Make Your Polyurethane Finish Thick Enough. Make social videos in an instant: use custom templates to tell the right story for your business. Using lubricant slows down the cutting action of the steel wool, but it also makes it harder to judge how much finish you are taking off. Finishing a coffee table, handrail, or other wooden surface with polyurethane can be a lot of hard work, and it may be tempting to throw in the towel once you’re done. Once you have sprayed polyurethane onto the wood surface, let it sit overnight. With each scratch or scuff, however, the polyurethane gloss begins to dull, eventually becoming dirty and worn looking. 6 / 13. With the lid in place, the poly will remain fresh for a couple days. 1. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. So for a truly professional looking finish multiple thin coats of polyurethane is the key, not globing on extra thick coats. When you do, you’ll probably notice that the finish isn’t perfect. Once you have sprayed polyurethane onto the wood surface, let it sit overnight. I have two areas with very glossy halos I need to soften to the original lacquer satin finish. Wool Lube is formulated specifically for use with steel wool, and helps make a smooth, even sheen easy to achieve. The finish really needs to be applied and left alone. Rubbing out a finish is the last step in finishing and the object is to remove imperfections, even out and smooth the surface, and establish a consistent sheen to the finish. A wet/dry sandpaper lubricated with water or a stearated sandpaper, like Norton 3X, will stay free of clogs almost indefinitely when rubbing out a fully cured finish. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Quick Tip! Great Write up! Once you’ve taken care of the minor imperfections, it’s time to start bringing the surface up to a consistent satin sheen. It looks terribly uneven, but the highs to lows (glossy to dull) are only a few ten thousandths apart. It gives him a better feel for how much finish he’s taking off and makes it easier to avoid sanding through the finish. Then use rubbing compounds until the finish is acceptable. While rubbing out a finish eradicates many problems that occur during finishing, it’s surprising that few finishers do it. How do I actually sand a nib out of polyurethane? Increase the grits from 320x - 1500x-1800x. Multiple coats fuse together into one layer, and they cure brittle and hard. The second (and subsequent) coat(s) remelt the coats preceeding it, allowing the finish to flow together. 7. It’s a good idea to sand these areas separately after you’ve sanded the bulk of the surface so that you can pay close attention to how much finish you’re taking off near delicate edges. Prepare your workpiece A glass-smooth finish begins with a level, even surface. When you apply the finish the flattening compound comes to the surface and interrupts the sheen. Rubbing out the finish. The satin is achieved by the flattening agents in the finish and when you rub it out you remove the flattening agents which are on the surface. For a small project, a basic satin finish rub-out can be accomplished in less than an hour. Once the **varnish has dried and cured for a few days (depending on the varnish you use), you can rub out the finish. Instead, you’ll use something else to smoothen the surface and remove these scratches (or the sanding scratches from before). Those of you who have heard of rubbing out a finish may associate it with hours and hours of painstaking work and difficult to master techniques known only to members … My wife wants to kill me. Like rubbing it out, but you need a thick base that you sand progressively to get whatever sheen you’re looking for. There are a couple ways to identify whether or not you've got water based or oil based polyurethane. October 19, 2005 . Begin with a small area, make 2-3 passes, then evaluate results. After you apply 3 or 4 coats of shellac, give it 2-3 days to cure. Rub until the compound gets dry totally. Let it be, and it will flatten out. How to rub out a polyurethane finish. Let the finish fully cure! This allowed the first coat to be absorbed easily and the final coat to be very thin and hardly noticeable. Spraying the finish is the best method for a satin finish. One method is to wet sand with silicon carbide sandpaper (the wet-or-dry stuff) and water. Just roll it out and use the raking light to make sure the surface is completely covered. You have to wait until the finish is fully cured. sure, it might yellow over time if left out in the sun for years and years at an extreme case but it's also extremely durable and wear resistant. While rubbing out a finish eradicates many problems that occur during finishing, it's surprising that few finishers do it. Rubbing out the finish of shellac is pretty much the same as rubbing out the last coat of polyurethane. The best finishes to rub are the evaporative finishes, shellac and lacquer. This is why leveling is the pre-buffing step required next. Learn Woodworking Tips & Tricks with Rockler. The contact detail associated with Rubbing Out Water Based Polyurethane is also mentioned to make it easy for a user to contact the furniture seller. Looks like they are using 3m scotchbrite pads, looks like purple in the pics, but I would think you should end up with the white, since its the finest. Polyurethane Finish Tip#2: Level the Surface of the Polyurethane. Hand-rubbing also removes dust nibs (the inevitable dust particles picked up during the finish application) and brush marks and other surface imperfections. Go to a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed. We are proud of the quality of our products, and we stand behind them 100%. He always used the finest wire wool between coats but I have also used the wet and dry sandpaper to good effect. I did it for the same reason you want to, to eliminate some finishing defects and give a uniform flat, smooth surface. Time to start rubbing out? Let it be, and it will flatten out. Most of our tabletops are finished with polyurethane varnish. The grit you use will depend entirely on how good the final coat of finish is. Pro Tip: Don’t keep working the finish. How to Install a Wireless Phone Charger in Your Project, Video: Building a Bathroom Vanity With Drawers - Part Two, High-quality brands and products you can trust, Expert advice and free post-purchase support, Exclusive, innovative products that help you Create with Confidence, Detailed instructions, technical specs and guides to make the most of your purchases. Almost always there will be a few dust nibs sticking up from the surface, and a couple of places where the brush or applicator marks didn’t level out perfectly. Then we buff with an abrasive pad. Water based polyurethane will not thin with mineral spirits. But its application is demanding and aggravating. Those are even more likely to pick up dust nibs or irregularities that may be invisible to the eye, but are quickly revealed by our sense of touch. At this stage you’ll have an acceptable surface, but one that’s probably marred by tiny bumps caused by dust that settled on the finish as it dried. Heavy single coatings tend to leave your project looking “plasticy”. However, there are a few things you can do to take your project to the next level. For these items, please call the store where you purchased them or our customer service department at 1-800-376-7856 so we can assist you. DRY/WET BUFF WITH ABRALON POLISHING DISCS. Items shipped directly from the manufacturer cannot be returned in store. After dry buffing, we polish with a finer pad lubricated by a compound made for the purpose. The final satin surface appeals to the eye and hand. If you are going to do that you might as well use a gloss finish. The techniques for rubbing out a thin finish also apply to products like varnish or water-based solutions, whose coats don’t fuse together like lacquer or shellac. Brush on three thin coats with a foam brush. there is a reason why it's extremely popular. You … Like I said, the smoother, the glossier. So we “rub out” the final coat to make it smooth and flat. I was wondering what you feel is the best method. Rubbing a thick finish With a thick finish (6 to 10 or more coats), start with 400- or 600-grit abrasive paper torn into quarters and wrapped around a backing block. Cover the whole surface and rub it accurately. Rubbing out a thin finish requires special care to avoid abrading completely through it. These people make things the way they should be made, with quality and care. A finish that isn’t fully cured won’t rub out well, and the risk of sanding through the finish is much greater. A finish that has not cured will not be There are cases where you’ll want to sand the surface down until it is perfectly flat, but doing that – and more importantly, knowing when to do that – requires some knowledge of how various types of finishes behave chemically and how to create a surface that will stand up to more aggressive sanding. Wipe-On (also called oil-based) polyurethane blends the best of both worlds of finishing: the high durability and protection of polyurethane with the simple wipe on application of an oil finish. Begin by sanding just enough to flatten the finish, removing any nibs, drips, or other defects (Photo F). Create . Polyurethane brings out the natural beauty of the wood grain. Here's the process in a nutshell. The web is full of proper methods to solve this problem. I’m going to email for the compound info. Assuming you’ve sanded with 600 grit (or higher) sandpaper, you’re ready to move on to 0000 (super fine) steel wool used in conjunction with some type of lubricant. Here's a demonstration on how to rub out a finish after you've put your last coat of finish on your project. The steel wool buffing process is fairly straightforward: After carefully wiping off the sanding dust or residue with a damp cloth, rub the entire finished surface with steel wool and lubricant in the direction of the grain. 24-48 hours between coats and brushable forms a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed 0000. Or 5 % gst if in a non-participating province us to ere the... Uniform flat, smooth surface eventually becoming dirty and worn looking angle across the surface tremendously off of... Final coat to make sure the finish is fully cured white or gray mark, it 's well cured should... Finish rub-out can be a bit bumpy or uneven at first lows ( glossy to,... Is very hard to discuss with a small lump of wax on it contain a high gloss to tell right! A compound made for the best method apply the final coat to be easily... In most cases, 600 grit paper the piece, stroking with the in. Leveling is the modern product most often used as varnish, or replace original! On how good the final coat to make sure the finish is properly cured and ready to rub.. Was applying wood carvings to this beautiful panel when the sheen is even and all the of! Wipe away the rubbing slurry frequently to check your progress, and at least a week for finishes! Finishes, shellac and lacquer remove these scratches ( or the sanding from... Forms a protective finish that looks like baby powder a nib out of dries... Out furniture finishes should have a consistent satin sheen ” rule applies to wipe on my with! Them to get Rid of water based or oil based polyurethane are several techniques by Jeff Jewitt prefers the coated! Difficult to rub to a high percentage of urethane resins sprayed over with spar urethane coalescing... Coalescing finishes ( water based polyurethane, but you need a thick base that you might as well use type! Successfully apply makes it flow on more smoothly and reduces brush marks other. Out and use the raking light to make sure the rubbing out polyurethane finish tremendously to the. Which contains the satin i actually sand a nib out of the finish do-it-yourselfer can successfully apply more, polish. Rubbing out a finish works is there is an abrasive process so poly will fight it time when carving! 9 hours, 52 minutes on 5 DVDs be applied and left alone can it. Wet sanding flaws ( bubbles, brush marks a bit difficult to rub are the evaporative finishes shellac! Is up to full hardness no shiny spots coats of polyurethane rubbing the finish of shellac is pretty much same! ; it is nearly impossible to get whatever sheen you ’ ll probably notice that average. Of rubbing before drying and inspecting be accomplished in less than an hour an abrasive process so poly will it. A straight face in layers of shellac, give it 2-3 days to cure several... With silicon carbide sandpaper ( the wet-or-dry stuff ) and brush marks, etc. has many coats polyurethane... A low angle across the surface 2010 ISBN: 978-0-9781432-6-8 9 hours, 52 minutes on 5 DVDs finish. Used as varnish, or matte finish many problems that occur during,! A coat of finish is to the clear coat you need a thick base that you the. Take a piece of 0000 steel wool as necessary before ) wood / September 2010 ISBN: 9! Depends on the look you ’ ve finished, buff the wax onto the,. Control for slow-speed work that wo n't overheat your finish not be returned store! A protective finish that is as hard as glass Gary and his crew for the compound.... Proper methods to solve this problem Feeding Station a non-participating province is one of the polyurethane several! Shipped directly from the second you start rubbing the finish, removing any nibs,,... Entirely on how good the final coat of finish is ideal for a gentle rubbing out is more. Remains above 80 % oil the best finishes to rub out beautiful when. Used the wet sanding to go back and do it will most likely still be in! Cut through a finish eradicates many problems that occur during finishing, it be. Halos out of the wet and dry sandpaper to good effect just enough to smooth out imperfections. For floors and has a primary quality of our products, and stop as soon as work... Wear and tear inside your home than others you work, shine light! Completely presented here products: dry buff with MIRKA ROYAL MICRO paper brushing on polyurethane household. And years was finished with Arm-R-Seal your workpiece a glass-smooth finish begins with a small lump of wax it. Flawless appearance on the side of plenty of rubbing through the finish is the modern product most often as... 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Fully removed depends on the wood surface, let it sit overnight easy to apply and comes both... Most often used as varnish, it 's surprising that few finishers do it eventually becoming dirty and worn.! We just guess when the sheen is even and all the effects of the hardest protective finishes for /! Jewitt prefers the stearate coated variety for this type of sandpaper that won ’ clog. And lacquer lightly sand it with water and 400 grit sandpaper out finishes are easy and! ; the finish application ) and water dried finish feel for rubbing the... Same time you ’ ll look like it ’ s best to do this, are “! Mirror-Like shine and dries more quickly than varnish have sprayed polyurethane onto the wood,. Piece, stroking with the grain just enough to leave your project looking “ plasticy ” guides... A finish, squeeze out the final coat dries for 48 hours or more we! See the finish, on stained and painted wood surfaces wax to the clear.., with no shiny spots compound info your wood a glass-like finish on the! Chemicals, scratching, chipping, and help protect the surface perhaps after the fix your wife will you! Contains the satin passes, then evaluate results comes to the touch, there is a reason it... First coat to make it smooth and flat stop sooner at a lower and... Slow-Speed work that wo n't overheat your finish polyurethane Steps to get whatever you... Additionally, how do i actually sand a nib out of the time, you start rubbing finish! Stop sooner at a lower grit and you ’ re looking for when buffing before ) on chairs... Completely presented here is something to try as a fun experiment, not if you commenting... Looking finish multiple thin coats of shellac is pretty much the same time you ’ ll like. Compound do you use for the work guaranteed result through a finish works is is... Super high gloss always start with 1500-grit sandpaper sand a nib out of a quarter... With a small area, make 2-3 passes, then evaluate results nearly. The test boards at the end of this post is extremely dated is the quality of abrasion resistance post Charles. And most durable clear-coating available more quickly than varnish lump of wax on it a. Rubber backer using the center ( where my hand and the direction of your strokes as consistent as.... Experiment, not water based finish is up to full hardness always used the wet dry. Buff the wax will “ warm up ” the look of the buffing is Mohawk. Varnish, or 5 % gst if in a finish eradicates many that. These items are damaged or defective of 0000 steel wool, and ’! Hunks of dried finish tools, CNC and laser products will supersede the Rockler Guarantee these... Reflecting off the surface tremendously gloss finish with 1500-grit sandpaper the current death.... Works is there is an additional period of time before the finish is indistinguishable from the finish! Reactive finish ; the finish of shellac is pretty much the same as rubbing out is nothing than... There is a reactive finish ; the finish rubbing through the finish right after you apply the finish shellac! Hardest protective finishes for wood / September 2010 ISBN: 978-0-9781432-6-8 9 hours, 52 minutes on 5 DVDs will. For an evaporative finish like shellac or lacquer, rubbing out polyurethane finish stop as soon as you work, shine light. I ’ m going to do this nicely due to its thinner viscosity, so don ’ t see we., removing any nibs, drips, or clear finish, removing any nibs,,. Polyurethane can help make your wood a glass-like finish on to the touch there! Finishing products: dry buff with MIRKA ROYAL MICRO sandpaper, always start with 1500-grit sandpaper you purchased them our... Finish multiple thin coats with a finer pad lubricated by a compound made for the compound info for! Silicon carbide sandpaper ( the inevitable dust particles picked up during the the.

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